An Exploration of the Factors Influencing Migration of Health Care Workers among Mogadishu Hospitals

Author: Wadil Abdulkarir Osman Al Shab’han

Emigration is an attitudinal shift of people over distances and in larger groups for better employment and better living environment. The political, social and economic domain and continues to be a major influence in a society. The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors for emigration among healthcare workers in Mogadishu, Somalia.

A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data in a sample of one hundred respondents.

The research findings highlighted that highest number of the participants in this study were young females and the majority of them were nurses by profession and most of them have considered leaving the country to work elsewhere in the world. They argued that socioeconomic, political, technical and professional issues were the main drivers of their migration.

To curb the emigration of health care workers, this study proposes the following: paying realistic wages to the health care workers; facilitating opportunities for their development; supporting schemes to enable them acquire basic social amenities, as well as the government, should recognize that a good health sector is an essential aspect for economic growth and subsequently a justifiable national development goal.

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The platform Somali Medical Archives has been developed as a tool to promote cooperation between Somali health professional in their mother country and abroad, engaging the diaspora for the improvement of Somali Health Services.

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